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It was the worst story idea an editor could come up with. That’s how I felt on Saturday, May 11, 1996, the day I heard Jon Krakauer had disappeared while reporting for Outside on the growing phenomenon of commercially guided trips up Mount Everest. Perhaps I was overestimating my responsibility in the matter. But it was difficult not to feel the weight of the truth that I’d contributed to this awful situation.
Two years earlier, as an associate editor, I’d pitched my boss, Mark Bryant, and the rest of the editorial staff a story idea to send a writer to Mount Everest. I’d recommended Krakauer, a longtime contributor to the magazine. After back and forth, Krakauer accepted the assignment, but he didn’t want to stop at basecamp, as I’d recommended. He wanted to climb to the top of the world.
After agreeing to the assignment, the work began for me. I helped make the story happen by dealing with an endless stream of logistical headaches. Empowered by Bryant, I’d landed him on a commercially guided team. I fielded calls from Krakauer when he couldn’t reach Bryant. I reviewed and marked up the manuscript when it landed on my desk. Later, after the article appeared, I was deeply involved with the aftermath. I edited letters to the editor written by a prominent climbing who objected to Krakauer’s facts. I sat for countless radio and TV interviews about the article. In other words, I was heavily involved with this project from conception to the post-publication media zoo.
But none of that mattered when I heard Krakauer was missing in a deadly high-altitude blizzard. Was Krakauer now dead? And had this Outside assignment–and my near-constant pushing for this article in the previous two years–contributed to his demise?
Just 24 hours earlier, of course, I’d considered myself a genius for my role in coming up with the idea to send a writer to Mount Everest. On the morning of May 10, I was elated when Mark Bryant, Outside‘s editor, made an announcement at the daily editorial meeting in our Santa Fe office. “I have news from Jon Krakauer’s wife,” he quietly told some two dozen staffers. “Early in the afternoon, Nepal time, Jon made it to the summit of Everest.”
A cheer went up; there were high-fives. I pictured Everest, a three-sided granite pyramid jutting into the jet stream, ice crystals pluming off its top. Krakauer was up there in a snowsuit and oxygen mask, taking pictures and notes as he gazed out over the sprawling Tibetan Plateau and, in the opposite direction, the deep glacial basin known as the Western Cwm.
“How long will it take him to get down?” asked Leslie Weeden, a senior editor who tended to get right to the point.
“We’ll probably know something tomorrow,” Bryant said. Then he added, “Remember, he’s not down until he’s really down. A lot can happen on the descent. Keep Jon and all the Everest climbers in your thoughts.”
I cruised the hallways with a tremendous feeling of relief.
At various times it had looked as if the project might fall apart. Trying to put a deal together with the guiding companies was a tenuous and maddening process. Krakauer, a longtime Outside contributor, had first accepted the basecamp-only assignment. Then he took his name out of the hat. Then he phoned Bryant and said he wanted to take the assignment after all–but instead of traveling to base camp, he wanted to climb to the summit. Over a 12-month period, while he debated the risks, Bryant and I made the arrangements. I eventually placed him with Rob Hall, owner of the New Zealand based guiding company Adventure Consultants. Needless to say, I was happy when Krakauer decided to go.
EARLY ON SATURDAY, my wife, Dianna, and I drove to the apartment of Alex Heard, a senior editor who was moving to New York and who, with his wife, Susan, was unloading stuff at a yard sale. We were pulling out to leave when Heard came running up, looking panicked. He’d gotten a phone call. Something catastrophic had happened on Everest.
“There was a big storm yesterday,” he said. “Climbers are missing. Scott Fischer is dead. They didn’t have any information about Krakauer.”
I felt disoriented, then my stomach flopped. “Krakauer is missing?”
I was rattled as we drove to theOutsidebuilding. Within 15 minutes, other staffers started drifting in. I burst into Bryant’s office, spouting the grim facts to his back. He turned away from his computer and looked up, stunned.
“Say that again?” he said.
People react differently to bad news. I almost started crying. Katie Arnold, an editorial assistant who did much of the fact-checking on “Into Thin Air,” would tell me later that she was seriously spooked after the news broke, she had nightmares in which climbers were immobilized in the clouds near the summit of Everest.
I spent the rest of the afternoon on the phone, trying to learn whether Krakauer was still alive.
TODAY, WHEN I THINK of that Saturday, I think mostly of the night, which I remember as being black, eerie, and still. There was a going-away party for the Heards at the home of Hampton and Anne Sides. Hampton was anOutside senior editor at the time and by 8 p.m. their back patio was full of buzzing people downing chips and designer beer and talking about you-know-what. The usual going-away stuff had been arranged a fortune-teller, a guy in a chicken suit but Everest hung over everything.
Early in the evening, a local woman who’d done some high-altitude mountaineering showed up, and Heard bluntly told her that Scott Fischer the charismatic, ponytailed leader of Mountain Madness, the other commercial group that made its summit attempt the same day as Krakauer’s was dead. He wasn’t aware that this woman and Fischer knew each other through climbing circles. She instantly burst into tears.
That night I was a bearer of good if frustratingly incomplete news. Late in the afternoon, Bryant had stepped into my office and told me what Linda Moore, Krakauer’s wife, had related to him a moment earlier: Jon was now listed as accounted for. She had no additional details; later we found out that Krakauer made it to his tent just as the storm hit and spent the night shivering and delirious.
I arrived at the party with bad news as well. Rob Hall was stranded at 28,700 feet near the South Summit, trying to hang on in windchill temperatures estimated at minus 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Apparently Hall had stayed with a client who was having trouble getting down the Hillary Step. (It was Doug Hansen, we later learned.) People at Base Camp, talking to Hall via radio, pleaded with him to stand up and move his legs, but he couldn’t. As Hall’s wife, Jan Arnold, would tell Krakauer: “He sounded like Major Tom . . . like he was just floating away.”
THE FEELING WAS BEYOND BIZARRE. Hall was up there dying, and we were standing around with a beer in our hands. Were we partly responsible for the traffic jam by assigning a famous writer to climb Everest? Would the traffic jam near the summit have happened if Krakauer hadn’t been on the mountain?
Both Fischer’s and Hall’s companies had competed hard for the right to guide Krakauer to the top, but, clearly, they also seemed to have been competing on the mountain. It appeared that each man had ignored his turnaround time so he could get the most climbers to the summit. Were they motivated by a desire to show each other up in the magazine? Whatever had happened, I couldn’t help wondering whether our story and Krakauer’s presence on the mountain had contributed to the feverish environment in which the disaster played out.
A few minutes later, I heard Hampton Sides’s voice from the kitchen: “Phone call for Mark.” I followed him inside. It was an editor atOutsideOnline, our Internet partner, with updated information about Krakauer. He confirmed that Jon was alive. At the moment, he was descending the Lhotse Face with the storm’s other survivors, on their way to Camp II. From there, it would take them a few days to reach Base Camp.
Mark returned to the patio and shared the good news. And then he passed along the sad part of the story that everybody sensed was coming. “I’ve just been told that Rob Hall quit responding to radio calls a few hours ago,” he said. “Base Camp is presuming that he died.”
I went to the backyard, sat down on the lawn in the darkness, and listened to more of what Mark had to say. Unfortunately, the story he told was as black as the night.
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